Hydrogen can be used as a fuel for most transport applications, but is particularly well suited to larger vehicles where batteries are less viable. It is also suitable for smaller scale consumption, as hydrogen cars can be refuelled.
Hydrogen is a great option for consumers as they can be refuelled in the same way as petrol and diesel cars, have long ranges and zero emissions.
Hydrogen is expected to be the dominant choice for HGVs, aircraft and ships. Hydrogen will also be used for buses, trains and larger vans and cars that have high utilisation or require longer ranges. Batteries are likely to be the dominant choice for cars.
Some vehicles, including cars, vans and buses, are already available, whereas trials are being undertaken on trains, HGVs and smaller maritime and aviation applications. However, batteries are likely to be the dominant technology for cars that do not require such long range capabilities.
The £3M Tees Valley Hydrogen Transport Hub project, led by the Tees Valley Mayor and Combined Authority, and the Department for Transport, is the first of its kind.
The aim of the project is to foster collaboration across Government, academia and private companies to lead the way in the testing and application of hydrogen across a range of transport modes such as trains, cars and freight vehicles. The project will highlight the importance of hydrogen as a fuel source and the move away from fossil fuels.
The Hub will utilise the combined strengths of its partners to research the benefits of hydrogen, develop solutions and help the UK towards its 2050 net-zero target.
It is also estimated that the project could help create 5,000 jobs and signpost both the UK and the Tees Valley as an exemplar of clean growth and innovation.
Funding has been secured and the next steps involve construction of the Hydrogen Transport Hub in the Tees Valley, with the aim of it being fully operational by 2025.